pp1d03 esse, dari NOT pp1d01 intelligo, est
Disambiguation This page deals with the genereal use of the verbs. For the special use of est in formal definitions see pp1d01 intelligo, est NOT intelligere NOT esse, dari.html
Forms est, esse, ens, datur, dari,
Meaning Have the status of being (as opposed to not being, non existent). Also called the formal or actual status of existing or being. From the viewpoint of eternity, sub specie aeternitate, all things "are" in God = natura-sense 2 = substance, the non-existing things included. Existence is seen from another viewpoint, the temporary viewpoint of duration, that is: the analysis involving the creation (coming into being) and destruction (ceasing to be) of things.
"Ens", a thing being.
Subsets (kinds)

{2p05} esse formale
{2p11} esse actuale

Mantras [what is]

in se, in alio est
esse
et (c.q. neque) concipi potest
conatur in suo esse perseverare
suum esse ..conservare

Related concepts existere, existentia, realis, realitas perfectio. NB a different sense of esse: pp1d01 intelligo, est
First Occurrence [geomap]
NOT linked:

"is" when NOT explicitly referring to the epistemological status "being". Other uses: in predicate expressions "in se est", "est absurdum", "res dato" a given thing (by assumption)

{1d03 substantia}                                                                             ...a good exercise to get the feeling: one pp1d03-est and one trivial est...
...By substance, I mean that which is in itself, and is conceived through itself: in other words, that of which a conception can be formed independently of any other conception. ...Per substantiam intelligo id quod in se est et per se concipitur hoc est id cujus conceptus non indiget conceptu alterius rei a quo formari debeat.
{1p09 plus realitatis plura attributa}                                        ... realitas and esse mean the same
...reality or being... ... realitatis aut [mng-eqv.] esse...
{2d02 essentia}                                                                                 ... esse and concipi vital in defining what is essential ...
...I consider as belonging to the essence of a thing that, which being given, the thing is necessarily given also, and, which being removed, the thing is necessarily removed also; in other words, that without which the thing, and which itself without the thing, can neither be nor be conceived. ... Ad essentiam alicujus rei id pertinere dico quo dato res necessario ponitur et quo sublato res necessario tollitur; vel [mng-eqv] id sine quo res et vice versa id quod sine re nec esse nec concipi potest.
{2p05 Esse formale idearum}                                                       ...the existence of ideas is caused by God = natura-sense 2 = substance through the attribute of thought and not through any extended things that the idea is about...
...The actual being of ideas owns God as its cause, only in so far as he is considered as a thinking thing, not in so far as he is unfolded in any other attribute; that is, the ideas both of the attributes of God and of particular things do not own as their efficient cause their objects (ideata) or the things perceived, but God himself in so far as he is a thinking thing. ...Esse formale idearum Deum quatenus tantum ut res cogitans consideratur, pro causa agnoscit et non quatenus alio attributo explicatur. Hoc est tam Dei attributorum quam rerum singularium ideae non ipsa ideata sive [mng-eqv]  res perceptas pro causa efficiente agnoscunt sed ipsum Deum quatenus est res cogitans.
{2p10 hominis substanti formam}                                             ... man's being and the being of substance are different forms of being (duration versus absolute infinity and eternality) ...
... The status of being of the substance does not appertain to the essence of man-in other words, substance does not constitute the actual being of man. ... Ad essentiam hominis non pertinet esse substantiae sive [mng eqv]  substantia formam hominis non constituit.
... The being of substance involves necessary existence ... If, therefore, the being of substance appertains to the essence of man, substance being granted, man would necessarily be granted also  ... and, consequently, man would necessarily exist, which is absurd ... ... Esse enim  substantiae involvit necessariam existentiam ... Si igitur ad hominis essentiam pertineret esse substantiae, data ergo substantia, daretur necessario homo ... et consequenter homo necessario existeret, quod ... est absurdum ...
 
{4p24 Ex virtute ductu esse conservare idem}                    ...these three terms are identical in meaning...
To act ...in obedience to virtue is in us the same thing as to act, to live, or to preserve one's being (these three terms are identical in meaning) in accordance with the dictates of reason on the basis of seeking what is useful to one's self. Ex virtute... agere nihil aliud in nobis est quam ex ductu rationis agere, vivere, suum esse conservare (haec tria idem significant) idque ex fundamento proprium utile quaerendi. 
{5p05 Affectus erga rem simpliciter}                                         ...ideas, are indirectly in God = natura-sense 2 = substance, namely under the attribute of cogitatio, but the actual being (esse formale) of ideas is directly caused by God, not through any attribute...
The actual being of ideas ....
(...owns God as its cause, only in so far as he is considered as a thinking thing, not in so far as he is unfolded in any other attribute; that is, the ideas both of the attributes of God and of particular things do not own as their efficient cause their objects (ideata) or the things perceived, but God himself in so far as he is a thinking thing.)
 "...Esse formale idearum ....

Equivalence claims involving esse, dari
{1d03} [notes] 1. substance 2. that which is in itself and is conceived by itself  3. that of which a conception can be formed independently of any other conception. 1. substantiam 2. id quod in se est et per se concipitur 3. id cujus conceptus non indiget conceptu alterius rei a quo formari debeat.
{1d05} [notes] 1. mode 1. modifications [Lat: affectiones] of substance 3. that which exists in, and is conceived through, something other than itself. 1. modum 2. substantiae affectiones 3. id quod in alio est, per quod etiam concipitur.
{1p02}  [About things] 1. exist in itself, and be conceived through itself 2. the conception of one does not imply the conception of the other. [De reis] 1. in se debet esse et per se debet concipi 2. conceptus unius conceptum alterius non involvit.
{1p09} 1. reality 2. being 1. realitatis 2. esse
{1p24c} 1.  God is not only the cause of things coming into existence, but also of their continuing in existence 2. in scholastic phraseology, God is cause of the being of things (essendi rerum). 1. Deum non tantum esse causam ut res incipiant existere sed etiam ut in existendo perseverent 2. (ut termino scholastico utar) Deum esse causam essendi rerum.
{1p33} 1. If things could have been of a different nature 2. [If things] have been conditioned to act in a different way, so that the order of nature would have been different, 1. [si res] alterius naturae potuissent esse 2. [si res] alio modo ad operandum determinari ut naturae ordo alius esset
{2d02} [notes] 1. the essence of a thing  2. that, which being given, the thing is necessarily given also, and, which being removed, the thing is necessarily removed 3. that without which the thing, and which itself without the thing, can neither be nor be conceived. 1. essentiam alicujus rei 2. quo dato res necessario ponitur et quo sublato res necessario tollitur 3. id sine quo res et vice versa id quod sine re nec esse nec concipi potest.
{2p08c} [About things] 1. their objective being 2. [their] ideas [De reis] 1. earum esse objectivum 2. [earum] ideae
{2p12} [About all that comes to pass in the object of the idea, which constitutes the human mind] 1. [it] must be perceived by the human mind 2. there will necessarily be an idea [of it] in the human mind. [De quicquid in objecto ideae humanam mentem constituentis contingit] 1. id ab humana mente debet percipi 2. ejus rei dabitur in mente necessario idea
{2p25} 1. an adequate knowledge of the external body is not in God, in so far as he has the idea of the modification [Lat: affectiones] of the human body 2. the idea of the modification [Lat: affectiones] of the human body does not involve an adequate knowledge of the external body. 1. corporis externi adaequata cognitio in Deo non est quatenus ideam affectionis humani corporis habet 2. idea affectionis corporis humani adaequatam corporis externi cognitionem non involvit.
{3p05} [About things] 1. agree together 2. can co-exist in the same object [De rei] 1. inter se convenire 2. in eodem subjecto simul esse possent
{3p07} [About res] 1. wherefore the power of any given thing 2. the endeavour whereby, either alone or with other things, it acts, or endeavours to act 3. the power or endeavour, wherewith it endeavours to persist in its own being, 4. the given or actual essence of the thing in question. [De rei] 1.quare cujuscunque rei potentia 2. conatus quo ipsa vel [excl exh]  sola vel [excl exh] cum aliis quidquam agit vel [non-excl non-exh] agere conatur 3. potentia sive [mng eqv]  conatus quo in suo esse perseverare conatur 4. ipsius rei datam sive [mng eqv]  actualem essentiam.
{4p24} 1. To act absolutely in obedience to virtue 2. to act 3. to live 4. preserve one's being 1. Ex virtute absolute agere 2. ex ductu rationis agere 3. vivere 4. suum esse conservare
pp1d03 esse, dari